The Bear Care Group is a non-profit group dedicated to the continued organization of international bear husbandry conferences, programs, publications, and resources for bear caregivers at sanctuaries, rehabilitation facilities, and zoos. This website provides the most recent information and easy access to all conference needs including; conference and hotel registration, transportation info, and more.

Got Questions: info@bearcaregroup.org

The Bear Care Group is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Contributions are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law.   The Bear Care Group  tax identification number is 26-2885950.

Privacy Statement

The Bear Care Group (BCG) respects your privacy but we'd like to stay in touch with you about the work we do to enhance bear welfare around the world, including keeping you informed about our conferences and workshops, fundraising appeals, and what you can do to support us. We do not trade, share, nor sell your data with anyone, nor do we send mailings on behalf of other organizations. We promise to keep your details safe and secure. You can change your mind at any time by contacting info@bearcaregroup.org.  For further details on how your data is used and stored please click on the link below.

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Publications

Husbandry​​

Poulsen, Else. 2014  Environmental Enrichment in Behavior-based Bear Husbandry, Part 1: Principles. The Shape Of Enrichment 23:1&2.

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Poulsen, Else. Bear Agendas:

Asiatic Black Bear

Sun Bear

North American Black Bear

Polar Bear

Poulsen, Else. Seasonal Feeding:

Asiatic Black Bear

Polar Bear

Behavior

Rog J, Lukas KE. 2009. Identifying motivational factors underlying stereotypic pacing in a female sun bear (Helarctos malayanus). Poster: Advancing Bear Care 2009. San Francisco: The Bear Care Group.

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Stringham S. 2009. Ursid ethogram project, Bear Viewing Association, Advancing Bear Care 2009, San Francisco: The Bear Care Group.  

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Clark JD, Huber D, Servheen C. 2002. Bear Reintroductions: Lessons and Challenges:  Ursus 13:335-345. 

Abstract 

Denning

Fenwick C. 2009. Behavior-based bear husbandry for winter denning: a practical application at Fortress of the Bear, Sitka, AK, Animal Keepers’ Forum, 36(11)482-486.

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Nutrition

Bacon, Heather. Animals Asia-Seasonal Feeding Strategies for Socially Housed Captive Bears. Poster: Advancing Bear Care 2011, Banff.

Poster

Cicnjak L, Huber D, Roth HU, Ruff RL, Vinovrski Z. 1987. Food habits of brown bears in Plitvice Lakes National Park, Yugoslavia. Bears: Their Biology and Management 7:221-226. 

Abstract

Enrichment & Training

Babitz M. 2009. Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) enrichment and training at Smithsonian’s National Zoo, Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park, Advancing Bear Care 2009, San Francisco: The Bear Care Group. Download

Animal Training Bibliography.  The Animal Training Committee of The American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc.  December 2007.
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Binney A., Kezer K. 2010. Building Bridges: How to Select, Condition and Use a Bridging Stimulus. Animal Keepers’ Forum 37(3): pp. 117-120

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Hartnell-Denardo J. 2009. Training Tools on a Budget. Animal Keepers’ Forum 36(7):pp. 301-304

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Pratte J. 2004. The Four Faces of Operant Conditioning. Animal Keeper’s Forum. 31(11): pp. 464-466.

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Pratte J. 2005. Tools of the Trade: Variety is the Spice of Life. AAZK Animal Training Committee. 

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Pratte J.  2010. Training bears for voluntary blood collection, Animal Keepers’ Forum. 37(6): pp. 281-288. Download

Pratte J. 2010. “I Said “Exit Stage LEFT” You Idiot!” (Or, Is Your Cue Really Telling Your Subject What You Think It Is?). Animal Keepers’ Forum. 36(9):4.

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Pratte J. 2011. Basic Bear Training Techniques. Advancing Bear Care 2011, Banff, Alberta, Canada. 

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Pratte J., Binney A. 2005. Don't Shoot the Keeper: A Practical Guide to Training Your Co-Workers. AAZK Animal Training Committe.

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Field N. 2012.  Voluntary Blood Draw Asiatic Black Bears, Animals Asia China Bear Rescue Centre 

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Reproduction & Cub Care

Hedberg, Gail 2011. Implementing an ursid neonatal care program. Advancing Bear Care 2011, Banff, Alberta: The Bear Care Group.

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Babitz M, Barnes T. 2009. An investigation of sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) cub development. Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park, Advancing Bear Care 2009, San Francisco: The Bear Care Group

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Stringham S. 2009. Ursid ontogenetic responses to variations in nutrition and adult male abundance, Bear Viewing Association, Advancing Bear Care 2009, San Francisco: The Bear Care Group

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Huber D, Dabanovic V, Kusac J, Frkovic A. Reintroduction of hand-reared brown bears into the wild:experiences, problems, chances. In: Dorrestein GM, Kahraman MM, editors; 1994 May 31- June 5; Bursa, Turkey. p 179-184.

Huber D, Kulier I, Poljak A, Devčić-Kuhar B. 1993. Food intake and mass gain of hand-reared brown bear cubs. Zoo Biology 12(6):525-533. 

Abstract​

​Jenness R, Erickson AW, Craighead JJ. 1972. Some Comparative Aspects of Milk from Four Species of Bears. Journal of Mammalogy 53(1):34-47. 

Abstract

Durham K, Hawes J. 1997. From unformed to unmanageable: Hand raising a Malayan sun bear. Neonatal Symposium-ZSSD. San Diego, CA. 

(PDF)
 

Edwards MS. 1997. Preliminary observations of a revised formula for hand-rearing a Malayan sun bear (Helarctos malayanus malayanus): days 0-75 Neonatal Symposium-ZSSD. San Diego, CA. 

(PDF)  
 

Hedberg GE, Derocher AE, Andersen M, Rogers QR, DePeters EJ, Lönnerdal B, Mazzaro L, Chesney RW, Hollis B. 2011. Milk composition in free-ranging polar bears (Ursus maritimus) as a model for captive rearing milk formula. Zoo Biology, 30: 550-565. doi: 10.1002/zoo.20375 

Abstract

Rehabilition



2007 International Workshop on the Rehabilitation, Release and Monitoring of Orphaned Bear Cubs, IFAW.

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Huber D. 2010. Rehabilitation and reintroduction of captive-reared bears: feasibility and methodology for European brown bears (Ursus arctos). International Zoo Yearbook 44(1):47-54. 

Abstract 

Beecham, J.J., Hernando, M.D.G, Karamanlidis, A.A., Beausoleil, R.A., Burguess, K., Jeong, D., Binks, M., Bereczky, L., Ashraf, N.V.K., Skripova, K., Rhodin, L., Auger, J., Lee, B. 2015. Management Implications for Releasing Orphaned, Captive-Reared Bears Back to the Wild. The Journal of Wildlife Management.

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Fenwick C. 2011. Regulation of American Black Bear Rehabilitation in the United States, Final Thesis, Charles Town, West Virginia.  

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Veterinary

Babitz, M. A keeper’s point of view of deslorelin contraceptive use with 0.2 sloth bears (Melursus ursinus). Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park, Advancing Bear Care ’09, San Francisco, Nov 2009.

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Bourne, D.C., Cracknell, J.M., & Bacon, H.J. 2010. Veterinary Issues Related to Bears (Ursidae).  International Zoo Yearbook. 44:16-32.

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Hedberg GE, Dierenfeld ES, Chesney RW, Rogers QR. 2009. Speculations on pathogenesis of metabolic bone disease in captive polar bears (Ursus maritimus) with links to taurine status In: Clauss M, Fidgett A, Huisman T, Jansen G, Nijboer J, editors. Zoo Animal Nutrition IV. Fürth, Germany: Filander Verlag. p 87-97. 

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Care Manuals

 

AZA Bear TAG 2009. Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Care Manual. Association of Zoos and Aquariums,
Silver Spring, MD.

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Global Federation of Animals Sanctuaries 2013. Standards For Bear Sanctuaries 

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